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A How-to Guide on the Different Types of Differentials

A differential is something that is found in a vehicles’ engine and it divides the engine into two parts. The work of the differential is to allow the wheels of the vehicle to spin in different speeds basing on the distance to be covered. Through the buyers guide you are able to know and understand the movement of your vehicle and the spinning of the wheels. The buyer’s guide helps you know the type of differential that is in your vehicle. You must be issued with a buyer’s guide before you purchase any vehicle. Through this buyers guide you will be able to discover the different types of differentials found in different vehicles.

To start with we will look at the open differential. The most common differential in the market is the open differential. The reason being it is cheaper. Open differentials usually comes with most new vehicles. Whether your vehicle has an open differential or not is all explained in the buyers guide. Under normal weather condition the open differential works best. However the performance of the open differential drops or becomes poor when the weather changes and the roads become slippery. A vehicle with an open differential cannot move on a slippery road but it will continue spinning. Cost, maintenance and repairs of open differentials are less expensive compared to any other type of differentials.

The second differential is the limited-slip differential. Spinning of your vehicle wheels in different speeds when the weather conditions are good is made possible by the limited-slip differential. Prevention of additional torque from the slipping tire is what makes this differentiates this differential from the open differential. The tire that has the most traction is the one that receives the torque. Through this, the vehicle is made more efficient in its movement. It makes your turnings to be fast and also hard as compared to open differentials. For this reason, limited-slip differentials are mostly preferred in racing cars.

To add on that is the Torsen differential. This differential appears to be a little bit complicated from others. Torsen differential ensures that your vehicle performs less work. To understand this type of differential you need a good explanation from the buyers guide. In order to produce torque seen in the limited-slip differential, this differential does not need clutches nor fluid resistance. Due to the constant meshing of the gears there is immediate transfer of torque. For this reason it is the most responsive differential when the weather conditions are changing. All the benefits of both the open and the limited-slip differential are all combined by the Torsen differential.

To finish with, the above buyers guide has summarized some of the different types of differentials.

Updated: November 10, 2019 — 1:00 pm
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